Finnish and French cities chart Europe’s path to clean energy

As Europe strives to become the first climate-neutral continent by 2050, Turku and Dijon are among a group of cities seeking to reach this goal two decades earlier. By  GARETH WILLMER In 2029, Finland’s oldest city, Turku, will celebrate reaching the grand old age of 800. At the same time, it hopes to reach another major … Read more

Psychedelic drugs, monkey brains and rescue drones to feature in cutting-edge research

Five experts who appeared in Horizon Magazine in 2022 outline how their areas of activity will evolve in the coming year and more. By VITTORIA D’ALESSIO From more fresh water and less depression to life-saving drones and thought-interpreting scans, 2023 promises to be a big year in science. Still, don’t expect to fly in a … Read more

Heavy-duty trucks drive clean hydrogen to the next level

Greenhouse gas emissions have been declining steadily in the EU in recent years, dropping by over a quarter between 1990 and 2019. However, transport is one sector that has bucked the trend, despite advances in technology. By  GARETH WILLMER Long before city dwellers complained about air pollution and carbon emissions, they moaned about mounds of manure … Read more

Self-driving cars emerge from the sci-fi realm

Automated-driving technologies are advancing steadily with the promise of reducing road accidents. By  TOM CASSAUWERS It’s an ordinary day in the northern German city of Hamburg, where countless cars move along the streets and pedestrians cross at the intersections. Amid all the hustle and bustle, one vehicle advances without the driver’s hands on the steering wheel … Read more

Airports and harbours prepare to slash emissions as the greening of transport accelerates

Ports for planes and ships are gearing up for the era of sustainable fuels and renewable energy. By  MICHAEL ALLAN If the European Union is to meet its net-zero targets and become a climate-neutral economy by 2050, the transport industry needs to decarbonise – and quickly. International aviation and maritime transport could account for almost 40% of greenhouse … Read more

Ramping up renewables to power the clean future of inland shipping

Hydrogen and battery-powered barges, tugs, container ships and ferries for inland waterways will help lower emissions from shipping. By  MICHAEL ALLEN Compared to other industries, such as agriculture or energy, transport is the only sector with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions higher now than in 1990. Sending out around 3% of the world’s GHG emissions, the maritime … Read more